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Adult Acne: Why You Get It and How to Tackle it

By Ellie Child - 5 months ago | Updated
Why do you get adult acne

Remember when you thought the likes of mood swings, angst and acne were just a by-product of your teenage years? Ahhh, those were the days. Fast forward to your 20s, 30s, 40s etc etc and you’ll soon realise that half of these things still make an appearance – adult acne being one of the most talked about.

You can follow the strictest and most expensive skin care regime, eat cleaner, drink copious amounts of water and teach yourself the self-restraint of a monk when it comes to picking the spots, but still adult acne persists (although these extra steps should help with the severity).

Before we delve into some of the remedies that can help to lessen the appearance of adult acne, let’s see what’s actually causing it.

Factors that can drive adult acne:

  • Hormones, hormones, hormones

For women, the hormone changes before your menstrual cycle can be very responsible for the development of adult acne. The rise of male hormones such as testosterone are mainly accountable for some cases of cystic acne that forms around the chin, neck and back.

One of the main causes of acne is excess sebum production, which also comes with a host of other related problems such as blocked pores, build-up and inflammation. Oil levels can increase (or decrease) depending on your hormone levels: a reason as to why the contraceptive pill can cure or curse some cases of acne.

  • Outdated skin care routines

Using the wrong products for your skin type can cause more damage than you’d think. Highly fragranced, heavy creams and lotions can aggravate skin, which makes it respond in an aggressive way – usually in the form of angry inflammation.

Going forth, you’ll want to look out for products that are oil-free and non-comedogenic as they banish ingredients that promote blocked pores. Opt for lighter formulations such as gel cleansers and moisturisers to keep things as clean and easy as possible.

  • Over-cleansing

If excess oil and bacteria are the main cause of acne then naturally you would think that more cleansing is needed. Unfortunately, this is very far from the truth. In fact, over-cleansing can result in heightened bouts of acne, which can leave you feeling desperately confused and hopeless. The more you cleanse your face, the drier it can become, encouraging the production of additional oil – yeah. Not something we want to sign up to.

  • City life

Pollution can seriously mess with the dynamics of your skin, leaving it feeling heavy and stressed out. Air pollution can add a layer of grime to your complexion and clog your pores, which can deeply affect sensitive and vulnerable skin types.

  • An unbalanced diet

I know, I know – hearing that you should eat less sugar and processed food isn’t the answer you want to hear but unfortunately it can be responsible for certain types of acne. Sugar is a big trigger for spots as some evidence has been shown that insulin may boost oil-triggering male hormones.

So what can we do to counteract adult acne?

There are a lot of adult acne products on the market, but knowing what to go for can be tricky. Where possible, look out for products that include the following ingredients or labels:

  • Retinol/vitamin A
  • Salicylic acid
  • Sulfur
  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Glycolic acid
  • Zinc oxide
  • Oil-free
  • Non-comedogenic

The above ingredients generally help to either lightly exfoliate, kill off bad bacteria or dry out excess oil – all of which will help with combating adult acne.

Cosmetify’s top picks for adult acne:

The Ordinary Squalane Cleanser

The Ordinary Squalane Cleanser

Powered by squalene, this acne-focused cleanser helps to soften and strip away dirt, grime and makeup with a gentle yet effective action that doesn’t dry out skin. Better still, it’s non-comedogenic and soap-free, allowing it to be used daily.

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Clinique Exfoliating Scrub

Clinique Exfoliating Scrub

Containing skin-loving shea butter, salicylic acid, vitamin E and caffeine, this exfoliating scrub gently buffs away dead skin cells and dirt for a clearer, brighter complexion.

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La Roche-Posay Effaclar Duo [+] SPF30

La Roche-Posay Effaclar Duo [+] SPF30

Boasting a cooling gel texture, this light-wearing hydrator is ideal for replenishing moisture levels without overwhelming or weighing down the skin. It has been specifically formulated for oily skin types and actively works to reduce the appearance of scarring left by spots. Oh, and SPF30 makes an appearance within the formula for that extra bit of essential protection.

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Origins Out of Trouble™ 10 Minute Mask to Rescue Problem Skin

Origins Out of Trouble™ 10 Minute Mask to Rescue Problem Skin

You know those skin care ingredients we told you to look out for earlier on? Well, this life-saving mask has three of them formulated in for fast-acting, easy results. Make this a part of your self-care routine for touchably soft, clearer skin.

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Neutrogena Visibly Clear Light Therapy Acne Mask

This one-of-a-kind acne treatment harnesses the power of blue and red lights to eliminate acne-causing bacteria and reduce the appearance of inflamed, angry skin. Working for just ten minutes daily, the mask can help to reduce the severity of bad breakouts and acne for a clearer complexion.

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The most important thing to remember is that the skin you're in doesn't define you. Invest carefully in your products, eat and drink clean and don't stress: everything is temporary, including your adult acne. For further information regarding recommended products for acne-prone skin, check out our blog on The Top 6 Moisturisers for Acne-Prone Skin.